AI has tremendous applications in the social, economic and defence sector.  Moreover, AI enhances the critical features of defence systems due to its integrated computing and decision-making abilities.

Nowadays, AI is consumed in all the applications developed for defence around the globe. In this article, we will have a glance at the leading Countries which are using AI in Defence & Key Defence Applications powered by AI.

Before diving into it, let’s have a look at some key importance of using AI in defence.

Importance of using AI in Defence

  • AI enabled security systems of defence system can easily figure out a cyberattack pattern and develop tools to combat counterattacks.
  • The integration of artificial intelligence with military transport can reduce transport costs and reduce human operational efforts.
  • AI in target recognition systems improves the ability of defence systems to determine the location of their goals.
  • System equipped with artificial intelligence can extract medical data of soldiers and help in a complex diagnosis.
  • Systems with artificial intelligence helps defense personnel monitor their threats, thereby increasing their situational awareness.

Currently, artificial intelligence is used mainly by the military in non-combat roles. Artificial intelligence was used by the US as part of their two basic operations – Desert Storm and Desert Shield during events in the Persian Gulf. 

Key Defence Applications powered by AI

Artificial intelligence and robotics will play a significant role in many defense applications, such as: –

  • Robots driven by artificial intelligence can travel through dangerous areas, perform remote operations and, most importantly, perform surveillance missions. 
  • An unmanned aerial vehicle (UCAV), also called as a combat drone, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that usually carries an aircraft’s weapons, such as missiles, and is used for drone strikes. 
  • Interpretation of the image for identification and classification.
  • Expert systems for the diagnosis and maintenance of advanced weapon systems, such as radars and missiles.
  • Automated equipment can be used to provide precise support for aiming and transporting ammunition and accuracy.
  • Cameras with shock-resistant platforms that provide remote firefighting are also possible.
  • The scope of the missile target and trajectory analysis to assess killing zones, takeoff time and simulation to help qualify rocket performance in different environments.
  • Better use of robots for anti-improvised explosive devices, extraction of personnel, shooting from weapons and other uses.

Majority of the advanced defense technologies in the world are robots, and over time, the defense industry is gradually shifting towards the integration of artificial intelligence with robots that build for military applications. 

Let’s have a quick glance at the countries which are using AI in defence.

Leading countries consuming AI in Defence:

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The United States and China currently dominate the world of artificial intelligence, but they used very different approaches to get there. Although the academic system of the US has generated and incubated the research that made today’s AI possible; the Chinese government promised billions in funding and offered technology all its support.

Other countries, including Canada and the United Kingdom, have increased investment in technology, announcing agreements to finance private and public AI companies. 

These are some of the biggest and most important AI-Based Defence Projects:

United States and China

China is investing at least $ 7 billion through 2030, including $ 2 billion for a research park in Beijing. The Chinese government foresees a $ 150 billion artificial intelligence industry by that time, and has the most comprehensive national plan to become a technology leader. New Chinese companies also received 48% of all funds for artificial intelligence investments, according to CB Insights.

On the other hand, US do not have a central artificial intelligence policy, but individual projects are financed by military departments. While little is being done at the national level, the artificial intelligence industry and research are led by the academic sector and private industry in the United States.

Israel

Despite the small size and the budget of Israel is about 4.5% of its GDP is spent on research and development, almost twice as much as the OECD average. For comparison, 30% of Israeli research and development activity is spent on military products. The main technical unit of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and the engine behind most of its AI development is called C4i. In C4i there is a branch of Sigma, whose “goal is to develop research and implement the latest artificial intelligence and advanced software research to keep the IDF up to date”.

Russia

Vladimir Putin has made some great comments about artificial intelligence, saying that the AI leader “will rule the world.” While the country spends about $ 12.5 million annually on AI, where many of Russia’s artificial intelligence demonstrations are military in nature, such as AI-assisted combat aircraft and automatic artillery.

India

India has no plans to delay the race to equip the armed forces of the nations with modern artificial intelligence (AI) and robots. Therefore, India joined the United States and China as one of the world’s largest military expenditures. A multi-stakeholder task force on Strategic Implementation of Artificial Intelligence for National Security and Defence was constituted by the Ministry of Defence. While the task force will research various innovation in Artificial Intelligence globally and how it can be embraced by the defence sector, the Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) and ordnance factories have been requested to build AI-assisted products. Today, the tech industry in India has arrived at a point where it produces software engineering talent on an unmatched scale.